The climate of the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO) small island states is influenced by large ocean-atmosphere interactions such as trade winds. HIGH TIDES AROUND 23H31 AND TOMORROW 12H17. On 25 July 2020, Japanese-owned bulk carrier MV Wakashio ran aground on a coral reef off the coast of Mauritius, leaking up to 1,000 tonnes of heavy oil into a pristine lagoon. The resulting report delved into the cause of poverty and qualified many tenacious beliefs as perceptions. Mauritius, indeed, is not only about beaches, it has tons of breath-taking views, historic sites and blossoming forests that are to be seen.If you are planning on visiting every corner of the island of Mauritius- Hire a car and … Food & Drink. Local and renewable energy sources are biomass, hydro, solar and wind energy. Under his governorship, numerous buildings were erected, a number of which are still standing. Don’t forget to pack swimwear. Many Mauritians volunteered to fight in Europe against the Germans and in Mesopotamia against the Turks. Later the island became a French colony and was renamed Isle de France. The climate on the central plateau is cooler than on the coastal areas. The government of Mauritius provides free education to its citizens from pre-primary to tertiary level.  In 1911 there were riots in Port Louis due to a false rumour that Dr. Eugène Laurent had been murdered by the oligarchs in Curepipe.  While the resolution is not legally binding, it carries significant political weight since the ruling came from the UN's highest court and the assembly vote reflects world opinion. Its land area is 1,864.8 km2 (720.0 sq mi). The capital and largest city, Port Louis, is located on Mauritius, where most of the population is concentrated. The village is administered by the Moka Village Council under the aegis of the Moka District Council. Cafes in Mauritius: 9 Perfect Spots to Catch Up Over Coffee. The UK leased the main island of the archipelago, Diego Garcia, to the United States under a 50-year lease to establish a military base. From 1767 to 1810, except for a brief period during the French Revolution when the inhabitants set up a government virtually independent of France, the island was controlled by officials appointed by the French government. He mixed with many of the labourers, and in 1871 helped them to write a petition that was sent to Governor Gordon. Before you get all excited and book your holiday travel read my "Best Time to Visit Mauritius Guide" below. The island plays host to the Le Prince Maurice Prize. Less than 2% of the native forest now remains, concentrated in the Black River Gorges National Park in the south-west, the Bambous Mountain Range in the south-east, and the Moka-Port Louis Ranges in the north-west. (Source: Wikipedia) 4. According to an Information Ministry official the nine months was a "socialist experiment".  Mauritius has the second highest population density in Africa. They organized the 2016 & 2017 Google Code-in in Mauritius leading to 2 finalists and 1 Grand Prize Winner. France officially ceded Mauritius including all its dependencies to Britain through the Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814 and in which Réunion was returned to France. , Mauritius has no exploitable fossil fuel reserves and so relies on petroleum products to meet most of its energy requirements. Cafes in Mauritius: 9 Perfect Spots to Catch Up Over Coffee. The earliest confirmed discovery was in 1507 by Portuguese sailors, who otherwise took little interest in the islands. It created elected positions in the Legislative Council although the franchise was restricted mainly to the white French and fair-skinned Creole elite who owned real estate. The most popular sport in Mauritius is football and the national team is known as The Dodos or Club M. Other popular sports in Mauritius include cycling, table tennis, horse racing, badminton, volleyball, basketball, handball, boxing, judo, karate, taekwondo, weightlifting, bodybuilding and athletics. 1.96% It is the 170th largest nation in the world by size. Weather. The island also has a coral reef and extensive limestone deposits. 2,030 km² Mauritius climate guide. During the French rule slaves were brought from parts of Africa such as Mozambique and Zanzibar. That period saw growth in the EPZ (Export Processing Zone) sector. Information and communications technology. , Mauritius is a major tourist destination, the tourism sector is the fourth contributor to the Mauritian economy. exclusive economic zone: Action Libérale was opposed by the Parti de l'Ordre, led by Henri Leclézio, the most influential of the sugar magnates. The village is administered by the Moka Village Council under the aegis of the Moka District Council. Keep synthetic fabrics at bay as they could make it extremely uncomfortable in the humid climate of Mauritius. Enjoy this relaxing trip to the most with our Mauritius tourism guide. Industrialisation began to spread to villages as well, and attracted young workers from all ethnic communities. After the end of nominated Arlanda's term in 1891 and until 1926 there had been no Indo-Mauritian representation in the Legislative Council. The climate on the central plateau is cooler than on the coastal areas. , In May 1975, a student revolt that started at the University of Mauritius swept across the country. Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the UK's main opposition party, wrote to the UK PM condemning her decision to defy a ruling of the UN's principal court that concluded that Britain should hand back the Chagos Islands to Mauritius. The tertiary education sector includes universities and other technical institutions in Mauritius. , The Chagos Archipelago is composed of atolls and islands, and is located approximately 2,200 kilometres north-east of the main island of Mauritius. Gabrielle Wiehe is a prominent illustrator and graphic designer. There are 2 seasons: a warm humid summer from November to April, with a mean temperature of 24.7 °C (76.5 °F) and a relatively cool dry winter from June to September with a mean temperature of 20.4 °C (68.7 °F). 3. Weather - Mauritius has a mild tropical maritime climate characterized by two distinct seasons: a warm but humid summer, lasting from November to April and somewhat cool and dry winter, lasting from June to September. The Treaty of Tordesillas purported to give Portugal the right to colonise this part of world. The total land area of the country is 2,040 km (790 sq mi). Climate is the long-term average of weather, typically averaged over a period of 30 years. Chagossians have since engaged in activism to return to the archipelago, claiming that their forced expulsion and dispossession were illegal. Through the Newspapers and Periodicals Amendment Act, the government tried to make every newspaper provide a bank guarantee of half a million rupees. The elevation is 203 meters and can be up to 425 … It is 65 km (40 mi) long and 45 km (30 mi) wide. It is disputed whether the transfer of Isle de France (As Mauritius was previously known under French rule) and its dependencies to Britain in 1814 included Tromelin island. He managed to escape from prison and plotted a rebellion that would free the island's slaves. Mauritius weather forecast should be a breeze. The next general elections took place on 20 December 1976. However, ideological and personality differences emerged within the MMM and PSM leadership. The mountains with the greatest prominence include: Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire, 828m, the highest point of the island. Another Portuguese sailor, Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, gave the name Mascarenes to the Archipelago. 10. On the islands of Mauritius, the climate is tropical, with a hot and rainy season which reaches its peak from January to March, and a relatively cooler and less rainy season from June to September. water: permanent crops: The land rises from coastal plains to a central plateau where it reaches a height of 670 m (2,200 ft); the highest peak is in the south-west, Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire at 828 metres (2,717 ft). It consists of 70 members, 62 elected for four-year terms in multi-member constituencies and eight additional members, known as "best losers", appointed by the Electoral Service Commission to ensure that ethnic and religious minorities are equitably represented. Mauritius claims sovereignty over Tromelin island, as does France. The major musical genres of Mauritius are Sega and its fusion genre, Seggae, Bhojpuri folk songs, Indian movie music especially Bollywood, and Classical music mainly Western classical music and Indian classical music. The total area of both islands is 26 km2 (10 sq mi). More recent years have witnessed the demolition of plantations, residences, and civic buildings as they have been cleared or drastically renovated for new developments to serve an expanding tourism industry. Weather Of Mauritius In January - 10 Things To Know, Do and See. In January 1968, six weeks before the declaration of independence the 1968 Mauritian riots occurred in Port Louis leading to the deaths of 25 people. Anti-cyclones affect the country during May to September. , The labourers brought from India were not always fairly treated, and a German, Adolph von Plevitz, made himself the unofficial protector of these immigrants. Réunion (French: La Réunion [la ʁe.y.njɔ̃] (); previously Île Bourbon) is an overseas department and region of the French Republic and an Indian Ocean island in East Africa, east of Madagascar and 175 km (109 mi) southwest of Mauritius.As of January 2020, it had a population of 859,959. Mauritius is subdivided into nine Districts, they consist of different cities, towns and villages. Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius /məˈrɪʃəs/ (listen). land: Geographical and historical treatment of Mauritius, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. Secondary schools have "college" as part of their title. An important figure of the 19th century was Rémy Ollier, a journalist of mixed origin. 2.75 km3 (2011), Environment - current issues: Cyclone season is from November to April, at times a little later probably due to climate change. On 3 December 1810, the French surrendered the island to Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars. The Republic of Mauritius is constituted of Mauritius Island and several outlying islands. , When it was discovered, Mauritius was the home of a previously unknown species of bird, the dodo, descendants of a type of pigeon which settled in Mauritius over four million years ago. The island nation enjoys a tropical climate with clear warm sea waters, beaches, tropical fauna and flora complemented by a multi-ethnic and cultural population. The MSM-PMSD-ML coalition was victorious at the 2014 elections under Anerood Jugnauth's leadership. The BIOT now comprises the Chagos Archipelago only. Mauritius is categorised as "high" in the Human Development Index. In 1639 slaves arrived in Mauritius from Madagascar. The OECD white list looks at jurisdictions from multiple angles; tax transparency, fair taxation, the implementation of OECD BEPS measures and substance requirements for zero-tax countries. The Supreme Court is composed of various divisions exercising jurisdiction such as the Master's Court, the Family Division, the Commercial Division (Bankruptcy), the Criminal Division, the Mediation Division, the Court of First Instance in civil and criminal proceedings, the Appellate jurisdiction: the Court of Civil Appeal and the Court of Criminal Appeal. Temperatures average between 25 °C and 30 °C during the day, warmest being November to April, coolest between June and September. He also made Port Louis become a municipality so that the citizens could administer the town through their own elected representatives. Between 1834 and 1921, around half a million indentured labourers were present on the island.  Several attempts to establish a colony permanently were subsequently made, but the settlements never developed enough to produce dividends, causing the Dutch to abandon Mauritius in 1710.  Mauritius has repeatedly asserted that the separation of its territories is a violation of United Nations resolutions banning the dismemberment of colonial territories before independence and claims that the Chagos Archipelago, including Diego Garcia, forms an integral part of the territory of Mauritius under both Mauritian law and international law. He expressed his concern that the UK government appears ready to disregard international law and ignore a ruling of the international court and the right of the Chagossians to return to their homes. highest point: Rising land values are pitted against the cultural value of historic structures in Mauritius, while the prohibitive costs of maintenance and the steady decline in traditional building skills make it harder to invest in preservation. Not for much longer, promise", "Virtual Developers Conference 2020 | MSCC", "Experience Mauritius Through Vaco Baissac - International Magazine Kreol", "Old Colonial and Creole-Style Houses in Mauritius – Part 1 – Vintage Mauritius", "Mauritius: Celebration of Durga Puja over nine days for Hindu devotees of the island", WikiSatellite view of Mauritius at WikiMapia, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Southern African Development Coordination Conference, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique, Prix des cinq continents de la francophonie, Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Countries with Portuguese as an official language, International organizations with Portuguese as an official languages, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mauritius&oldid=992299353, English-speaking countries and territories, French-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, States and territories established in 1968, Populated places established by the Dutch East India Company, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Morisyen-language text, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In addition, the islands of Rodrigues, Agalega, St Brandon and the Chagos Archipelago were also not specifically mentioned in the Treaty of Paris but became part of the British Colony of Mauritius as they were dependencies of Isle de France at that time. Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands. Other festivals such as Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Durga Puja, Père Laval Pilgrimage also enrich the cultural landscape of Mauritius.  Mauritius is ranked as the most competitive and one of the most developed economies in the African region. In 2011, the Ministry of Environment & Sustainable Development issued the "Mauritius Environment Outlook Report," which recommended that St Brandon be declared a Marine Protected Area. They were arrested and freed on bail. Cyclones affect Mauritius or Mauricio during November–April. Arab sailors were possibly the first to discover the uninhabited island around 975, which they called Dina Arobi. St. Brandon, also known as Cargados Carajos Shoals, is located 402 kilometres (250 mi) northeast of Mauritius Island. Food & Drink. , According to the Financial Services Commission, financial and insurance activities contributed to 11.1% of the country's GDP in 2018. Its wettest months are from December through April where on average 60 mm (2.4 in) (or more) of rain falls during each of these months. , France, which already controlled neighbouring Île Bourbon (now Réunion), took control of Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it Isle de France. The Assembly elects a Speaker, a Deputy Speaker and a Deputy Chairman of Committees as some of its first tasks.  From this, it appears that Mauritius bore the name Dina Arobi, very likely the name shared with the Portuguese by sailors from the subcontinent. This system of nominating members is commonly called the best loser system. Streams and rivers speckle the island, many formed in the cracks created by lava flows. In addition, the British authorities in Mauritius have been taking administrative measures with respect to Tromelin over the years, for instance, British officials granted four guano operating concessions on Tromelin island between 1901 and 1951. In fact, being that the islands are in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons are reversed in comparison with Europe or North America.  In 2016, the Chagossian population was estimated at 8,700 in Mauritius, including 483 natives; 350 Chagossians live in the Seychelles, including 75 natives, while 3,000, including 127 natives, live in the UK (the population having grown from the 1200 Chagossians who moved there).. contained in the Mauritius Strategy. Mauritius has only two seasons, winter and summer. The general election was again won by the Labour Party, led this time by Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam.. Members of the MMM including Paul Bérenger were imprisoned on 23 December 1971. Location: Southeastern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar Geographic coordinates: 20°17′S 57°33′E / 20.283°S 57.550°E / Map references: World Area (includes Agaléga, Cargados Carajos (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues): total: 2,011 km² land: 2,030 km² water: 10 km² note: includes Agalega Islands, Cargados Carajos Shoais (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues The Mascarene Islands were named after Pedro Mascarenhas, Viceroy of Portuguese India, after his visit to the islands in 1512. Official language", "Population and Vital Statistics - Year 2019", "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019", "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Mauritius", "Written Statement of the Republic of Mauritius", "MEMORIAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF MAURITIUS VOLUME I", "A. Un Différend Ancien Avec Maurice Quant À La Souveraineté Sur Tromelin", "Colonial Office Telegram No. Mauritius Weather - Cyclonic conditions prevailing Photo courtesy: Ron Höll. Even in winter, from May to October, the temperature drops from hot to balmy. According to the 2011 census, Bhojpuri was spoken by 5% of the population compared to 12% in 2000.. Later, when the Dutch used the island as a penal colony, new species were introduced to the island. Furthermore, a stone fortress, Fort Adelaide, was built on a hill (now known as the Citadel hill) in the centre of Port Louis to quell any uprising.. In 1507, Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island.  Aapravasi Ghat, in the bay at Port Louis and now a UNESCO site, was the first British colony to serve as a major reception centre for indentured servants. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Chagos was administratively part of Mauritius from the 18th century when the French first settled the islands.  Following the dockers' strikes trade unionist Emmanuel Anquetil was deported to Rodrigues, Maurice Curé and Pandit Sahadeo were placed under house arrest whilst numerous strikers were jailed.  Two famous French governors were the Vicomte de Souillac (who constructed the Chaussée in Port Louis and encouraged farmers to settle in the district of Savanne) and Antoine Bruni d'Entrecasteaux (who saw to it that the French in the Indian Ocean should have their headquarters in Mauritius instead of Pondicherry in India). Food & Drink.  Three months later Basdeo Bissoondoyal organised a mass gathering at "Marie Reine de la Paix" in Port Louis on 12 December 1943 and the significant crowd of workers from all over the island confirmed the popularity of his movement Jan Andolan. The warmest months are January and February with average day maximum temperature reaching 29.2 °C (84.6 °F) and the coolest months are July and August with average overnight minimum temperatures of 16.4 °C (61.5 °F). Annual rainfall ranges from 900 mm (35 in) on the coast to 1,500 mm (59 in) on the central plateau. The medium of instruction varies from school to school but is usually Creole, French and English. Mauritius has a tropical oceanic climate with moderately high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. We enjoy a tropical climate and the temperature doesn’t drop that low. Tropical storms are unpredictable in their trajectory. Seasonal Outlook for Summer 2020-2021. The rising middle class (made up of doctors, lawyers, and teachers) began to challenge the political power of the sugar cane landowners. When it does rain, the moisture evaporates quickly. Considered part of Africa geographically, Mauritius has friendly relations with African states in the region, particularly South Africa, by far its largest continental trading partner. The country spans 2,040 square kilometres (790 sq mi) and has an Exclusive Economic Zone covering 2.3 million square kilometres.. On 23 June 1976, Aldabra, Farquhar and Desroches were returned to Seychelles as a result of its attaining independence. Hollanda (1994) and Dina (2002) were the worst two last cyclones to have affected the island. The “EYE” is a region at the centre of a cyclone characterized by calm weather with light winds and clear skies. The first historical evidence of the existence of an island now known as Mauritius is on a map produced by the Italian cartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502. The Mauritian currency features the Latin, Tamil and Devanagari scripts. The two main public universities are the University of Mauritius and the University of Technology, in addition to the Université des Mascareignes, founded in 2012, and the Open University Mauritius. Port Louis is the capital. , The adult literacy rate was estimated at 92.7% in 2015. The first phase of the project was completed in January 2020 while the second phase will be completed in 2021.. , In 1832, Adrien d'Épinay launched the first Mauritian newspaper (Le Cernéen), which was not controlled by the government.  The incumbent president is Prithvirajsing Roopun who has served since December 2019. France took control in 1715, renaming it Isle de France. , Since 2005 public buses in Mauritius have been free of charge for students, people with disabilities and senior citizens.  Bhojpuri, once widely spoken as a mother tongue, has become less commonly spoken over the years.  Since 2016, Mauritius has participated in International Competitions led by cyberstorm.mu. The 1963 election was won by the Labour Party and its allies. The most recent National Assembly Election was held on 10 December 2014 in all the 20 mainland constituencies, and in the constituency covering the island of Rodrigues. A street has been named after him in Port Louis, and his bust was erected in the Jardin de la Compagnie in 1906. Generally the summermonths of December to March are very warm, humid and frequently lashed by very heavy rain, especially if a tropical cyclone approaches Mauritius. Mauritius is mostly appreciated by visitors for its natural beauty and man-made attractions, multi-ethnic and cultural diversity, tropical climate, beautiful beaches and water sports. Being a popular honeymoon destination and luxury spot for celebrities, it is now a high class destination proposing top-notch services in its numerous luxurious hotels, high class villas and bungalows. Thus, since the late Fifties, the way was paved for independence. party to: 116 states voted in favour of the resolution, 55 abstained and only Australia, Hungary, Israel and Maldives supported the UK and US. Area (includes Agaléga, Cargados Carajos (Saint Brandon), and Rodrigues): The political party or party alliance that wins the majority of seats in Parliament forms the government. During this time the atmosphere is sunny, but also cool and dry. A dry arid climate has the lowest level of precipitation and moisture and covers about 12 percent of the planet's land surface. 8 out of 156 countries in the index of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index). In fact, the 1914–1918 war was a period of great prosperity due to a boom in sugar prices.  The dodo is prominently featured as a (heraldic) supporter of the national coat of arms of Mauritius. The president of the court, Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, said the detachment of the Chagos Archipelago in 1965 from Mauritius had not been based on a "free and genuine expression of the people concerned." Official statistics on ethnicity are not available. The political party or alliance which has the second largest group of representatives forms the Official Opposition and its leader is normally nominated by the President of the Republic as the Leader of the Opposition. When Mauritius threatened to leave the Commonwealth, the United Kingdom quickly amended its exclusion clause to exclude any disputes between itself, Commonwealth States and former Commonwealth States, thereby quashing any Mauritian hopes to ever have recourse to the contentious jurisdiction of the court, even if it left..  Around that time, two eminent British academics, Richard Titmuss and James Meade, published a report of the island's social problems caused by overpopulation and the monoculture of sugar cane. ", https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2019.100406, "2012 Investment Climate Statement – Mauritius", "Economic Freedom of the World: 2019 Annual Report", Financial Services Commission (Mauritius), "Overview of the Financial Services Sector", "Deloitte promotes Mauritius as tax haven to avoid big payouts to poor African nations", "Rise of tax haven Mauritius comes at the expense of rest of Africa", "Prime Minister denies Mauritius being a tax haven", "Common EU list of third country jurisdictions for tax purposes", "Code of ethics of tourism for Mauritius", "International Travel and Tourism Year 2018", "Rs 32 M de plus pour le transport gratuit", "Mauritius airport inaugurates US$305m terminal", "Metro Express: le tracé aux Singapouriens, la mise sur les rails aux Indiens", "Statistics Mauritius – ICT Statistics Year 2016", "Google Code-in: Two Mauritian students among the finalists", "Prodige de l'informatique : Kifah Meeran remporte un concours organisé par Google • Star", "What's that?
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